Functional layers of nm-thick YIG films and microstructures (FWF “Nano-YIG")

FWF project I 4696-N “Functional layers of nm-thick YIG films and microstructures”.

01.10.2019 – 30.09.2022

Principal Investigator: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andrii Chumak 

Scientific Project Staff: Dr. Khrystyna Levchenko, Aram Sajdak, Dr. Sebastian Knauer, PD Dr. habil. Oleksandr V. Dobrovolskiy

Partners: Dr. Carsten Dubs (INNOVENT e.V. Technologieentwicklung, Jena), Prof. Dr. Burkard Hillebrands (Department of Physics, TU Kaiserslautern)


A disturbance in the local magnetic order of a solid body can propagate across a material just like a wave. This wave is named spin wave, and its quanta are known as magnons. Physicists from the University of Vienna propose the usage of magnons to carry and process information instead of electrons as it is done in electronics. This technology opens access to a new generation of computers in which data is processed without motion of any real particles like electrons. This prevents the accompanying heat loss and, consequently, leads to a lower energy consumption. Moreover, the unique magnon properties allow for the utilization of alternative computing concepts resulting in a drastic increase in speed and performance compared to modern processors.

The development of new types of magnetic materials, which would be an ideal media for the hosting and controlling of spin waves, is one of the main challenges of modern magnetism. The magnetic insulator Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) is nowadays the material of choice since it possesses the smallest known spin-wave damping and the waves can propagate up to the centimeter distances in it. In the previous studies, we succeeded in the growth of smooth and structurally close-to-perfect YIG films with thicknesses between 10 nm and 100 nm. Particularly these thicknesses, which are 100 000 times smaller than the thickness of 1 eurocent coin, are required for the development of spin-wave devices. The growth of the samples is done using, so-called, liquid phase epitaxy technology. The YIG material is dissolved in a melt and is grown afterwards on a solid substrate placed in the melt.

In this project, the teams from Vienna, Jena, and Kaiserslautern plan to take jointly the next step towards new classes of materials which are of crucial importance for the field of modern magnon-based data processing. The first aim is to develop a new type of YIG with anti-ferromagnetic properties and with low magnetic damping. In materials that exhibit antiferromagnetism, the magnetic moments related to the spins of electrons, align in a regular pattern with neighboring spins pointing in opposite directions. These materials are magnetic but do not generate stray magnetic fields and, therefore, have properties which are very different from the magnets known from our every-day life. Particularly the absence of magnetic fields makes this class of materials also interesting for the spin-wave data processing since it allows for the dense packing of computing units. The second aim of the project is to develop thin magnetic materials with extensive, so-called, magneto-optical interactions. In such materials, spin waves interact with light very efficiently what allows the scientists to use a laser beam to investigate as well as to control spin waves. The new types of materials will be grown by the Jena team and will be characterized and utilized to develop spin-wave based computing devices by the Kaiserslautern and Vienna teams.

Project publications

Submitted articles

  • Long-range spin-wave propagation in transversely magnetized nano-scaled conduits
    B. Heinz, Q. Wang, M. Schneider, E. Weiß, A. Lentfert, B. Lägel, T. Brächer, C. Dubs, O. V. Dobrovolskiy, P. Pirro, A. V. Chumak

Articles in press

  • Controlling of nonlinear relaxation of quantized magnons in nano-devices
    M. Mohseni, Q. Wang, B. Heinz, M. Kewenig, M. Schneider, F. Kohl, B. Lägel, C. Dubs, A. V. Chumak and P. Pirro
    Phys. Rev. Lett. (in-press)

Published articles

  • Structural Quality and Magneto-Electric Properties of Epitaxial Layers of the (Ga,Mn)(Bi,As) Dilute Magnetic Semiconductor
    T. Andrearczyk, K. Levchenko, J. Sadowski, J.Z. Domagala, A.Kaleta, P. Dłużewski, J. Wróbel, T. Figielski, T. Wosinski
    Materials 13, 5507 (2020)
  • A magnonic directional coupler for integrated magnonic half adders
    Q. Wang, M. Kewenig, M. Schneider, R. Verba, F. Kohl, B. Heinz, M. Geilen, M. Mohseni, B. Lägel, F. Ciubotaru, C. Adelmann, C. Dubs, S. D. Cotofana, O. V. Dobrovolskiy, T. Brächer, P. Pirro, and A. V. Chumak
    Nat. Electron. 3, 765 (2020)
  • Propagation of coherent spin waves in individual nano-sized yttrium iron garnet magnonic conduits 
    B. Heinz, T. Brächer, M. Schneider, Q. Wang, B. Lägel, A. M. Friedel, D. Breitbach, S. Steinert, T. Meyer, M. Kewenig, C. Dubs, P. Pirro, and A. V. Chumak
    Nano Lett. 20, 6, 4220–4227 (2020)
  • Parametric generation of propagating spin-waves in ultra-thin yttrium iron garnet waveguides
    M. Mohseni, M. Kewenig, R. Verba, Q. Wang, M. Schneider, B. Heinz, C. Dubs, A. A. Serga, B. Hillebrands, A. V. Chumak, P. Pirro
    Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 14, 2000011 (2020)

Selected prior publications

  • Bose-Einstein condensation of quasi-particles by rapid cooling
    M. Schneider, T. Bracher, V. Lauer, P. Pirro, D. A. Bozhko, A. A. Serga, H. Yu. Musiienko-Shmarova, B. Heinz, Q. Wang, T. Meyer, F. Heussner, S. Keller, E. Th. Papaioannou, B. Lagel, T. Lober, V. S. Tiberkevich, A. N. Slavin, C. Dubs, B. Hillebrands, A.V. Chumak,
    arXiv:1612.07305 (2018)
  • Spin pinning and spin-wave dispersion in nanoscopic ferromagnetic waveguides 
    Q. Wang, B. Heinz, R. Verba, M. Kewenig, P. Pirro, M. Schneider, T. Meyer, B. Lägel, C. Dubs, T. Bräche, and A. V. Chumak
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 247202 (2019)
  • Spin-transfer torque based damping control of parametrically excited spin waves in a magnetic insulator
    V. Lauer, D. A. Bozhko, T. Brächer, P. Pirro, V. I. Vasyuchka, A. A. Serga, M. B. Jungfleisch, M. Agrawal, Yu. V. Kobljanskyj, G. A. Melkov, C. Dubs, B. Hillebrands, A. V. Chumak,
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 012402 (2016)
  • Measurements of the exchange stiffness of YIG films using broadband ferromagnetic resonance techniques 
    S. Klingler, A.V. Chumak, T. Mewes, B Khodadadi, C. Mewes, C. Dubs, O. Surzhenko, B. Hillebrands, and A. Conca
    J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 48, 015001 (2015) 
  • Spin-wave excitation and propagation in microstructured waveguides of yttrium iron garnet/Pt bilayers
    P. Pirro, T. Brächer, A.V. Chumak, B. Lägel, C. Dubs, O. Surzhenko, P. Görnert, B. Leven and B. Hillebrands
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 012402 (2014)
  • Pulsed laser deposition of epitaxial yttrium iron garnet films with low Gilbert damping and bulk-like magnetization
    M.C. Onbasli, A. Kehlberger, D.H. Kim, G. Jakob, M. Kläui, A.V. Chumak, B. Hillebrands, and C.A. Ross
    APL Mater. 2, 106102 (2014)
  • YIG magnonics
    A.A. Serga, A.V. Chumak, and B. Hillebrands
    J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 264002 (2010) (Topical Review)